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Article 370: An Overview of Developments in India and Kashmir

By: Politicized News

· Global Affairs

The majority Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has revoked Article 370 of the Indian constitution, removing special status for the Kashmir region in the North. Kashmir has been at the center of a dispute between India and Pakistan for decades, as both nations claim the entire region, but only govern over small parts. In recent days, India has evacuated all tourists from Kashmir, closed schools, set a curfew, cut internet connection, and deployed tens of thousands of extra troops to the region. The Indian government also placed two former Kashmiri heads of government under house arrest. 

What is Article 370?
Article 370 allows Indian-controlled Kashmir to have autonomy, with its own flag and independence over every matter except for foreign affairs and defense. Sub 35a of Article 370 also bans non-residents from owning property or holding government jobs. In order for any changes to be made to Article 370, the Kashmiri Governor must consent. The BJP has ruled over the Kashmir through an allied governor since 2017, allowing them to easily revoke the constitutional article. 

Now that Article 370 has been revoked, it is expected that India will attempt to integrate Kashmir as a permanent part of the country. 370-35a was also withdrawn, paving the way for non-Kashmiri Indians to buy property and invest in the region. India’s moves have generated massive outcry from Pakistan, calling the move “illegal”, and saying they would "exercize all possible options" to counter it. “India is playing a dangerous game which will have serious consequences for regional peace and stability," said Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi.

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